Waterproof: Monitoring Canada’s Drinking Water

Program area – Healthy communities Status: In progress
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We all depend on access to clean drinking water. Across Canada, water gets to our homes in a variety of ways — from large-scale public treatment and distribution systems in major cities to private wells in rural areas. No matter where your water comes from, all levels of government share responsibility for ensuring that it’s safe.

In 2000, Canada’s worst outbreak of E.coli took several lives in the community of Walkerton, Ontario when the bacteria made its way into the local drinking water supply. That tragedy led Ecojustice to produce Waterproof, Canada's first national drinking water report card, the next year. We found that in most Canadian provinces and territories, laws were not strong enough to ensure water safety.

Canada’s drinking water standards continue to lag behind international benchmarks.

In 2015, the new federal government committed to resolving drinking water advisories in 126 First Nations by March 2021. That deadline has passed and water advisories remain in place for many Indigenous communities.

Access to clean, safe water to drink is a health and human rights issue. Without a concerted effort to improve Canada’s deficient water standards, Canadians will continue to be put at unnecessary risk. Our lack of strong, legally-binding national water standards also perpetuates inequity in water quality across the country, particularly in rural and First Nations communities.

Ecojustice released the Waterproof series, a number of reports that examined the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality, which determine the maximum allowable level of contaminants in water considered safe for human use and consumption, and compared them with corresponding frameworks in the United States, European Union, and Australia, as well as standards recommended by the World Health Organization.

The findings were troubling. While Canada has, or is tied for, the strongest standard for 24 substances, it has, or is tied for, the weakest standard for 27 substances. And in 105 other cases, Canada has no standard where at least one other comparison country does. Also noteworthy is the fact that Canada has no microbiological water treatment standard to ensure that we are protected from waterborne pathogens, such as E.coli.

A win would mean that anywhere in the country, people could be confident that the water coming out of their taps is safe to drink. Water quality would be well-monitored across the country and municipalities and provinces would apply the highest standards of source water protection and microbiological water treatment.

Key developments


Right to water, healthy environment must be immediate priorities for new government

Incoming government has golden opportunity to end First Nations drinking water crisis and recognize environmental human rights On the fi...

October 20, 2015

Press release

Lax drinking water standards put Canadians at risk

TORONTO — Canada’s drinking water standards continue to lag behind international benchmarks and are at risk of falling even farther behi...

September 4, 2014


Waterproof: How strong are Canada’s water standards? (2014)

Canada’s drinking water standards continue to lag behind international benchmarks and are at risk of falling even farther behind, accordin...

September 4, 2014

Press release

Federal government gets an ‘F’ for failing to protect drinking water

VANCOUVER — More than a decade after deadly gaps in drinking water management killed seven people in Walkerton, Ont., the federal governme...

June 5, 2013

Press release

Ecojustice applauds leadership on drinking water

VANCOUVER – The federal government has committed to backing a Liberal motion to ensure all First Nations communities have access to safe, ...

November 17, 2011


Waterproof 3 – A Preview

Tomorrow we’re releasing our national report card on the state of Canada’s drinking water systems, Waterproof 3. In it, we give the prov...

November 15, 2011


Waterproof 2: Canada’s Drinking Water Report Card

Ecojustice continued its long-standing leadership in safe water issues with the 2006 release of Waterproof II, our second national drinking ...

August 17, 2011

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